Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis?


Make text smaller Make text larger



Photos



  • Melissa Prestipino, DPT



What is the difference between Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are often confused but are not the same condition. Osteoarthritis is the result of wear and tear on your joints, which causes weakening and deterioration of your cartilage [Mayo Clinic]. Rheumatoid arthritis, is an auto-immune disorder, whereby your body attacks and destroys joint cartilage [NIAMS]. Both conditions, however, share common symptoms, including joint paint, stiffness and swelling.

Osteoarthritis is most common in old age. Rheumatoid arthritis, unlike like osteoarthritis, is not an older-age condition. The typical age of onset for rheumatoid arthritis is mid-life, although children and adolescents can also develop the condition. Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder which is generally caused by genetic factors.

Osteoarthritis is also caused by a genetic predisposition, but other factors influence the breakdown of the joints, such as obesity, over-use of the joint and injury [Mayo Clinc]. Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are more common in women than in men.

Osteoarthritis typically affects the hands, knees, hips, neck and lower back. Osteoarthritis is usually asymmetrical such as in the right knee. However, a person can have osteoarthritis develop on both sides of the body, such as the right and left knee, even requiring a knee joint replacement. It is even possible for the same person to have osteoarthritis develop on opposite sides of the body and in different joints (example: osteoarthritis in the right knee and the left hip).

Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, tends to affect primarily the wrist and finger joints. Unlike osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical in its development. Rheumatoid arthritis also causes other symptoms that are unrelated to joint deterioration, such as fatigue, fever and a vague feeling of sickness. The symptoms of osteoarthritis get progressively worse as you age [Mayo Clinic]. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, however, can flare up and dissipate. Some people with rheumatoid arthritis experience flare-ups that last a few months or a year [NIAMS].

Melissa Prestipino, DPT
Sparta Fit For Life - Therapeutics Unlimited Rehab
Sparta, NJ
973-729-1222
www.turehab.com

Make text smaller Make text larger

More From The Ask The Expert

  • Financial Expert Marion G. Cuff, CFS: Liability for Spouse's Debts
  • Chiropratic Expert Dr. Mary Negri, D.C: Backpack Safety
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis?
  • Financial Expert Marion G. Cuff, CFS: Which Credit Card is Best
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Type of Salt for Softeners
  • Financial Expert Marion G. Cuff, CFS: Retirement Planning
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Slimy or Slick Water
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: How to Treat an Injury
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Salt in Your Softener
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Strain vs. Sprain
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Safe Drinking Water
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Shoulder Impingement
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Changing Resins in Your Softener
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Ion Exchange
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Scaling and Fouling
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Stress Fracture
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Hard Water
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Tendon vs. Ligament
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Hydrogen Sulfide
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Pressure Loss
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Sore Muscles after Exercising
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Water Softner
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: What to Know About Running
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Causes of Pain from Running
  • Water Expert Andy Ball: Pressure Loss
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Pregnancy and Exercise
  • Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Physical Therapy Prescriptions
  • Comments

    Pool Rules



    MUST READ NEWS

    Spartans handle Vikings in boys basketball
    — Sparta High School defeated Vernon Township High school in boys varsity basketball on Monday, February 19, 2018. The final score...
    Read more »
    Image

    Pope John defeats Hunterdon on hardwood
    — Pope John XXIII Regional High School, locarted in Sparta with students from around the county, defeated Hunterdon...
    Read more »
    Image

    Center plans pharmacist workshop
    A pharmacist workshop will be hosted by the Coalition for Healthy and Safe Communities, a program of Center for Prevention on...
    Read more »

    Local scouts compete in skills competition
    — Recently, Troop 95 from Sparta competed in the Watchung District Klondike. A Klondike is a competition in which Boy Scout patrols...
    Read more »
    Image

    VIDEOS



    * indicates required
    Community Newspapers


    MOST READ

    Local News
    Century 21 awards Geba Realty
    • Feb 19, 2018

    MOST COMMENTED



    Find more about Weather in Sparta, NJ